“A certain amount of opposition is a great help to man. Kites rise against and not with the wind. Even a head wind is better than none. No man ever worked his passage anywhere in a dead calm. Let no man wax pale, therefore, because of opposition.” – John Neal, 1800’s.
What do we do when false rumors and stories are circulated about us? It is human nature to want to lash out and prove our innocence of whatever lie is being told. But is that what we are to do?
How we react to persecution and our treatment of those who persecute us is a subject we feel is of extreme importance. Especially now…
Down through the ages, those who have done the Lord’s work have had to endure heavy trials and persecutions. Many have paid for their faith and obedience to Him with their lives. From the very beginning of this earth’s history, there was fierce opposition between “good” and “evil”:
GEN 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
In yielding to temptation, Adam exalted himself above God by thinking himself wise enough to make his own decision, EVEN though it opposed the will of God. In doing so, he gained a knowledge of evil, and because of his disloyalty to God, he opened the “door” which flooded the earth with unspeakable woe. Satan thus obtained temporary rulership of this planet:
2CO 4:4 …the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
There is no “middle ground”- every human being is either “of God” or “of Satan”:
EPH 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience;…
Those who love Christ with all their heart and soul and seek to be like Him are the great enemies of Satan. They, like Abraham, are temporarily “strangers in a land that is not theirs.” Though they must dwell on this earth for now, they have not given their allegiance to its temporary “prince”- they have instead pledged their obedience to the True King:
HEB 11:16 … they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.
EPH 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; 20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
These are those whom “the prince of this world” hates the most, and are those whom he has sought to destroy from the very beginning. His greatest desire is to extinguish the faith of the saints, that they will lose their eternal life and be ultimately destroyed along with him and his fallen angels; but if he sees that he cannot do that, he does all within his power to physically destroy them and hinder their work of spreading the Gospel of Salvation.
Those who are Christ’s are NOT to expect a life of ease, abundance and freedom from care. In fact, we are told by Christ, Himself, it will be just the opposite:
JOH 15:19 If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. 20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.
Christ didn’t say, “they MAY persecute you”, He said “THEY WILL”. And especially today, as we near the return of Christ, Satan is full of “great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time”. (Rev. 12:12). There remains the finishing of God’s work before He comes again, and we MUST be aware of the work of the evil one. We must understand what is going on around us.
I am reminded of the words of one faithful worker who, over 100 years ago, wrote,
- “I should doubt whether I were a child of God, if the world, or even all professed Christians, spoke well of me. Those who are in earnest to win the crown of eternal life need not be surprised or disheartened because at every step toward the heavenly Canaan they meet with obstacles and encounter trials. The opposition which Christ received came from his own nation,…”
Because Satan knows God’s Truth carries its own power, he and his evil angels use unconsecrated minds to bring attacks against the messengers of God’s Truth. “If you can’t discredit the message, discredit the messenger”:
MAT 5:11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. 12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
There are many people who present the appearance of “good” in their speech and the “gospel” they profess; but in reality it is the “prince of darkness” who is behind their facade of “righteousness”. The enemy who wears his true uniform is easy to spot- but the enemy who looks and professes to be “one of us” is the most insidious and dangerous:
2CO 11:14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
These “ministers of righteousness” are foremost among the ones who point to those doing God’s work and proclaim it to be lies, while claiming that THEY are God’s true workers- “Listen to me!” Especially when the Truth cannot be repudiated do they formulate false accusations and repeat slanderous remarks. This will not change while we live on this present earth.
But how is the Christian to react when faced with blatantly false accusations and severe persecution? Look at the life of Joseph, who was sold as a slave by his own brothers, then falsely accused by Potiphar’s wife of a terrible deed and imprisoned. Even under these horrendous circumstances, he forgave his brothers. While in prison, Joseph’s virtue and righteousness was so apparent that he came into such great favor with, first, the “keeper of the prison” and then, the king of Egypt, that the pharaoh declared unto Joseph:
GEN 41:39… there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: 40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou. 41 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.
Satan knows how to cleverly design the lies and accusations against the saints. In Joseph’s case, he had no way to prove his innocence. It was his word against that of Potiphar’s wife. And who would Potiphar believe- his wife, or Joseph? Human nature leads men to take the word of those in “high positions” over the word of the lowly, common man. And Joseph was a slave.
Joseph’s life was a lesson for mankind all through the ages- he placed his reputation in the hands of the only Judge Who can truly know the heart. And for a season, it must have seemed bleak for him, locked up in that prison. But he never wavered in his faith and because of his righteous character, God was able to use him to provide a temporary safe haven for the nation of Israel to grow and thrive in. They were given the “best of the land, the land of Rameses”, or “the land of Goshen” (Gen. 46:6, 11) all because of the favor given Joseph by the Pharaoh.
But our ultimate example is always Christ. Harsh words and thoughts of revenge against those who malign us bear no likeness to the character of Christ.
1PE 2:21 … because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: 22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: 23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously:
Slander against one’s character is seldom vindicated by indignant words and protestations of innocence. It is overcome by simple Truth. No one ever suffered as much contempt, slander and abuse as did our Saviour; yet in the face of all of this, we have no record in the Scriptures of His protests of innocence. He instead preached the Words of Life, not allowing anything to distract Him from that work. His life, His example overcame all the lies and slander. Let us read of His words when He was crucified:
LUK 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. 34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do….
On the edge of death, in excruciating pain, His thoughts were toward those who were lost- the very ones who were killing Him-, that they would still come to a knowledge of the Truth. And we have on record of several who did exactly that:
MAT 27:54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
Sometimes, it is the example of a person’s life and character that wins a soul to Christ as much as it is the hearing of words:
1PE 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
Christ made sure His disciples didn’t think the opposition would one day cease. In fact, He made it clear that our greatest enemies would many times be those closest to us:
- MAT 10:34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. 35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. 36 And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household.
Satan is constantly working to discredit God’s Truth in whatever manner he can. But Truth carries a power with it and it will prevail. Maybe not in our “timing”, but in God’s perfect timing. For a while, Joseph suffered greatly from the false accusations made against him. But he was vindicated and his innocence made evident.
- LUK 8:17 For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.
Many, many will oppose the Truth and speak out vehemently against it. But the more the arguments against it, the more Truth shines. Some who may never have taken an interest in it before, have their curiosity aroused when they hear the controversy; they decide to investigate this subject which is causing such a turmoil. Those who have a sincere desire to know what is Truth, will know and understand. For others, no amount of evidence will suffice to change their minds, which brings to mind another consideration.
While in exile, Nehemiah, the cupbearer of the Persian king, heard that his people in Jerusalem were in great distress. Like Moses and all those before him, he was overwhelmed with sorrow for the plight of his people, and wept, fasted and prayed on their behalf. When he was granted the king’s permission to go to Jerusalem to organize the people and rebuild the wall, their heathen neighbors (who hated and mocked the Jews) were full of wrath. In their great hatred and jealousy of the Jews, they set out to put a stop to the work:
- NEH 4:11 And our adversaries said, They shall not know, neither see, till we come in the midst among them, and slay them, and cause the work to cease.
But Nehemiah, knowing of the plot to attack Jerusalem, set watchmen on the unfinished walls, along with the workmen:
- NEH 4:16 And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants wrought in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons;…
They went about the work God had given them to do, even when faced with the prospect of open attack. Nehemiah knew that the Supreme God would strengthen them and he was not afraid of the opposition they faced. Satan has hoped to intimidate Nehemiah and the Jews; he hoped to put a stop to God’s work by using “fear”. But they refused to stop working on the wall- they knew their God was able to protect and preserve them:
- NEH 4:20…our God shall fight for us.
As the work progressed and the heathen neighbors saw that the work was almost finished (except for the doors of the gates), they resorted to a different method of attack. They sent messages to Nehemiah that all the surrounding nations believed the reason they were rebuilding the wall was so they could rebel against Persia and set up their own king. They threatened to go to the king of Persia with this accusation of revolt- a threat that could have caused serious consequences if carried out:
- NEH 6:6…It is reported among the heathen, and Gashmu saith it, that thou and the Jews think to rebel: for which cause thou buildest the wall, that thou mayest be their king, according to these words. 7 And thou hast also appointed prophets to preach of thee at Jerusalem, saying, There is a king in Judah: and now shall it be reported to the king according to these words. Come now therefore, and let us take counsel together.
The threat was a means to get Nehemiah to stop work and come meet with them, which was really a pretext to get him alone where they would kill him. But again, Nehemiah placed his faith in God and would not be intimidated nor distracted from the task at hand:
- NEH 6:3 And I sent messengers unto them, saying, I am doing a great work, so that I cannot come down: why should the work cease, whilst I leave it, and come down to you?
When threatened openly by Sanballat that they would report them to the Persian king as traitors about to revolt, Nehemiah replied:
- NEH 6:8 Then I sent unto him, saying, There are no such things done as thou sayest, but thou feignest them out of thine own heart.
Nehemiah never once shrank from the work; threats, open persecution and false accusations were met not with protestations but with the simple statement of fact and the refusal to stop work and go discuss it with them or anyone else. His total dependence on the God of his fathers was his only reliance:
- NEH 6:9 For they all made us afraid, saying, Their hands shall be weakened from the work, that it be not done. Now therefore, O God, strengthen my hands.
Again, the Bible gives us plain instruction on how to handle opposition. In this case, Nehemiah faced treacherous dangers- had he been a man of weak faith who was intimidated into meeting with the heathen enemies, he would have surely been killed.
When threatened with being reported to the Persian king as a traitor, he knew the punishment was certain death. But he knew that God would protect them and strengthen them to finish the work as long as they were faithful to Him and put their complete reliance in Him. He never condescended to expend any precious time and energy in counsel or debate with the opposition. And the result? They finished the wall.
If we allow the opposition to intimidate us – stop us from the work we have been given to do – in order to meet false accusations and try to work things out, we will lose the battle.
- 2PE 2:2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
We must go forward and have confidence that He can overcome all difficulties. We must learn to reflect the character of His Son when faced with persecution and false accusations, and not react with indignation.
ROM 5:3 …but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
HEB 10:35 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. 36 For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.
MAT 10:22 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.
HEB 10:37 For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.
We do not know who has and who has not rejected the last pleas of Mercy. We must not denounce our opponents nor treat them with a lack of respect. We must, as Joseph, place our confidence in God. We must have a care and consideration for those who are lost, no matter what they may have done to us, and pray for them as Christ did.
During the course of Ron’s work on the various projects, numerous people have wanted to become involved. Some have felt Ron was unqualified to continue the work because of his lack of credentials and they pursued independent research without Ron.
While initially, some of these people declared a belief in the validity of certain discoveries, they today have changed their opinion. And we fully believe everyone has a right to their own opinion. However, sometimes all of the facts concerning some of the independent research isn’t made available along with the “change of opinion”, so we felt it was time to discuss some of these matters. Although we are supposed to meet opposition with the same meek Spirit as Christ displayed, we are obligated to state the simple facts so that people may have the means to make an intelligent decision as to what they believe.
(DURUPINAR SITE) MAH ER VILLAGE, DO UBAYAZIT, A RI
JOHN R. BAUMGARDNER
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY
M. SAL H BAYRAKTUTAN
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
In summarizing the data, the report states:
“The most noteworthy feature observable in the data of Figure 7 is the V-shaped reflector that is particularly evident in the transects between y=-6 m and y=-50 m. When the topographical variation of the surface is taken into account, one finds that this feature is almost planar in form. The large amplitude of the back-reflected radar signal suggests a large contrast in the dielectric properties of the two sides of a sharply defined interface. The material above the interface presumably is the clay soil observable at the ground surface and exposed to several meters depth in the scarp surrounding the site and in cracks and gullies in the adjacent mudflow environment.
The crucial issue is the type of material which lies below the interface. Is it bedrock that rises up through the mudflow to form something like a small island around which the flow moves? Or is the material something other than bedrock. At least two considerations suggest that it is not bedrock. The first is that in the transects between y=2m and y=20m and x>0 in the vicinity of the rock that outcrops at the surface, one does not observe consistently strong reflections of a similar character. The most likely candidate for the bedrock material is the calc-schist rock that forms the hills on either side of the mudflow channel and that comprises the outcrop near the middle of the site. Since the low amplitude radar returns near the outcrop imply a small dielectric contrast between the clay soil and calc-schist rock, the strong reflections of the prominent V-shaped feature are probably not caused by a transition from clay soil to a calc-schist bedrock.
A second consideration which argues that the material below the reflecting interface may not be bedrock is that in several scans, especially between y=-18 m and y=-38 m, there is a double reflection, suggestive of a layer, rather than a simple transition into a material many meters thick. To find such an extensive, almost planar, layer buried within a channel through which a huge volume of mudflow material has moved in a chaotic fashion is highly anomalous from the standpoint of known landslide and debris flow mechanics. If the layer pertains to a buoyant man-made structure, the layer’s present setting suggests that the structure has been transported to the present location by a landslide event where it was stranded upon the rock which now outcrops near the middle of the site.” (Pps. 8 & 10).
In the last paragraph of this report, it states:
- “We conclude that the data from our geophysical investigations in no way conflict with the proposition that the unusual boat-shaped site near Mah er village contains the remains of Noah’s Ark….”
In simple terms, this report states that those radar scans did NOT rule out the possibility that the site contained “the remains of Noah’s Ark”.
In fact, the data presented in this report of a “sharply defined interface” that is “almost planar in form” is entirely consistent with Ron’s 1984 conclusion that the floor of the hull is covered with ballast material, which he believes comprises the “interface” they detected. He had found large masses of manganese dioxide which had fallen out of the interior of the boat-shaped object where a 3 foot section of the northern end had broken away leaving a hole into the interior. Ballast is placed in the hulls of ship to provide stability, and it is secured in sections which hold it in place and prevent it from shifting.
Could the “interface” they detected have been the actual petrified timbers of the floor of the hull, as well as the ballast? It’s possible,- in fact we believe this is quite likely. Since the density of the ballast material and that of the fossilized hull would be so much denser than the clay material and the calc-schist of the bedrock underneath the site, there would not be a recognizable interface between these 2 similarly dense materials. This concept is demonstrated by their statement concerning the “small dielectric contrast between the clay soil and the calc-schist rock”.
In his August 19, 1988 “news” letter titled “A Search for the Elusive Ark”, Dr. John Baumgardner wrote:
“…Between July 28th and August 7th we succeeded, praise God, in drilling four holes to a depth of ten meters and recovered reasonably good cores from each of the holes. Three of the holes were near the centerline of the site while the fourth was near the outer flank of the longitudinal hump….
Another notable discovery was the presence at three locations in the mudflow layer of nodules of the bright yellow mineral limonite. Limonite is the hydrated oxide of iron, and its occurrence in this environment appears to be anomalous. Just how anomalous is the crucial question, since the minerals in the rocks in the source area of the mudflow have a moderate iron content. However, during the months now that I have worked at the site, I have never seen this bright yellow material anywhere in the fissures or exposures in the mudflow clay. Because earlier investigations led us to suspect unusual amounts of iron in site, these occurrences of limonite are of special interest because they could represent the rusted remains of metallic iron objects.
A final observation concerning the core samples was the absence- apart from the limonite nodules- of possible evidence for man-made structure. There was, for example, no evidence for wood, petrified or otherwise. However, core drilling is severely limited in its ability to find buried archaeological structure, especially if it is sparsely distributed and has been significantly altered by decay and chemical weathering.”
Taking 4 core specimens of 3 Â½ inch diameters from a site 515 feet long does not provide a fair representation of material present. And even with this minute amount of specimen, evidence was found of an extremely high iron content, including limonite.
Well, the real problem began just over a hundred years ago, when we “humans” began to think we were getting “too smart for God”, and Darwin’s “theories” began to make a lot of sense to those of the “higher intellect”. But God raised up men to fight all the “lies and vanity and things wherein there is no profit”, to show that known “science” and facts agree perfectly with the Biblical account. And it is indeed a fierce battle for those who seek the truth. Those who now believe the Biblical account of creation are termed “creationists”, a term which is spoken with much disdain among the scholarly crowd. We know of college professors who have lost their positions because of their belief in the Biblical account and their refusal to teach evolutionary science. But you would think that the religious “leaders” would support the truth, right? Well, think again as you read these excepts from the Nov. 4, 1996 “U.S.News & World Report”:
But while the evil one pursues his work of trying to discredit the truth of the Bible, God is continually opening new evidences to His people. Around the same time the above article came out, we received “Creation Research’s” Creation News newsletter, which contained the following article on the front page:
“Creation Research” of Australia is headed by John MacKay, and is doing a wonderful work in getting the truth into public schools all over the world. They can be reached as follows:
P. O. Box 260, Capalaba, QLD, 4157
Ph: (07) 3206 4467
Fax: (07) 3206 0001
Canada: R.R. 1, Bognor Ont. N0H 1E0
Ph/Fax (519) 371-9543
UK: P.O.Box 1, Ashton Under Lyne,
US: P.O.Box 281, Hartsville, TN 37074
Ph: (615) 374-3693
Fax (615) 374-3045
has come across the various and sundry.
One person Ron took to the ark site became convinced it was the true ark. (I won’t mention his name because it is not our intention to point him out – only to make known what occurred and how.) He had read all the “ark tales” and believed one, in particular, had been erroneously reported. He believed it was not a tale about an “ark siting” on Ararat, as the story stated, but that it in fact referred to the real site, 12 miles south of Ararat.
During one of Ron’s trips to the site in the mid-eighties, the individual earlier mentioned, also present, set out to find “Reshit”. And, as things go, the locals obliged him and returned with a man named “Reshit”, then about 60 years old. To make a long story short, this “new Reshit”, through a translator, provided the story this man had come to believe. The tale was retold:
“Reshit” was out in his field one day when an earthquake struck. Up from his field popped a ship. It was NOT on Mt. Ararat. And, of course, everyone believed it was Noah’s Ark. Further “details” emerged- the earthquake struck on May 15, 1948, which happened to be the day Israel became a state. By now, the original 1948 report bore no resemblance to this “new” tale. See Isaiah 50:11.
At the time the interview took place with the “new Reshit”, Ron’s Turkish liaison, Mine Unler, and the governor of the province of Agri, Gov. Sevket Ekinci, were also in Dogubeyazit. After seeing what was taking place, Ron asked the governor (through Mine) to ask Reshit if he was telling the truth. In the lobby of the Ararat Hotel (now the Isfahan Hotel), the Gov. went over to Reshit and questioned him. Reshit readily admitted that a group of men had come to him and asked him if he would like to “make a tourist happy” and also “make some money”. Of course, he was more than willing. When brought to the hotel, all he did was “follow the lead” when questioned, answering in the affirmative when asked each detail. “Var, var, var!”. (Yes, yes, yes!”) Money exchanged hands and everyone was happy. Of course, once he learned what the story was, he repeated it when questioned.
When Ron told the man who was with him ( who had sought the “new Reshit”) what the governor had said, he would not believe it. He had gotten the story he wanted and seemed to believe it was true.
That some people actually try to “create” their own reality is seen in another example involving this very same ark story. Lloyd R. Bailey, in his book, “Where is Noah’s Ark”, pub. by Abingdon (1978) recounts on pp. 56 & 57, the 1949 expedition of A. J. Smith, the dean of a small Bible College in North Carolina. Smith’s “goal was to locate Reshit, hire him to serve as guide, and verify that the ark had at last been discovered. Unfortunately, however, Reshit could not be found. A search of villages `for 100 miles around’ failed to produce anyone who claimed ever to have seen the ark or even anyone who had heard the story.”
Author Bailey goes on to discuss the authors of another book on the ark, and how they “are so predisposed to believe such secondhand hearsay that they seek to explain away Smith’s on-the-spot evidence (or lack of it).”
Another thing the original article about Reshit’s story mentions is that “There is no folklore there about the ark,…” This is exactly what Ron discovered when he first began his field work in Turkey. His required Turkish liaisons traveled with him to a large number of villages in the region, asking about information on a large ship in the area. No one knew anything about a ship, much less Noah’s Ark.
There is a good reason for this. In 1915-1917 the original inhabitants of this region were completely run out, and the people who “moved in” had no knowledge whatsoever of any “folklore” of the region. Being tribal and closed to communication with any neighbors (just as they are today) they had no knowledge of the history or folklore of the region.
Sadly, serious researchers studying the evidences of Noah’s Ark, have innocently accepted the “new” story of “Reshit” as being factual because they did not have access to “the whole story”. That is the sole reason we have discussed it here.
George Jammal’s story was recommended to the producers by a well-respected educator in the field of creation science who vouched for Jammal and the integrity of the story. However, it turned out that Jammal had never even been to Turkey. His wood was not from Noah’s Ark, but was just a piece of contemporary wood he had cooked in teriyaki sauce and other juices. The hoax caused quite a stir and rated a full page in the July 5, 1993 “Time Magazine”.
The point is that Jammal’s story was accepted at face value by a man who is supposed to be a “careful scientist”, yet, he didn’t even ask Jammal for any evidence that he’d ever been to Turkey- not even his visa stamp in his passport. And Jammal did not perpetrate his hoax alone- he was coached by a member of the Skeptics Society for the sole purpose of exposing “the shoddy research of Sun International” (Time Mag.)
Sometimes tall tales are innocently repeated by people who sincerely but mistakenly believe they are true; but sometimes, as we have seen, they are purposefully concocted. Sometimes, they are accepted as fact without the proper research to verify if there is just cause to believe they may be factual, as we have also seen. When God reveals things for His people, the evil one and his fallen angels are right there, ready to do whatever it takes to take away what He has given us, and to TRY to turn His Truth into a lie. But remember His promise, that “the Spirit of truth” and NOT man, will “guide you into all truth:…” (Joh. 16:13).
In almost every university library I have been to I have found at least one book written by Dr. Akurgal. (He has written at least 16). On the back cover of his book entitled, “Ancient Ruins of Turkey” (first published in 1969, fifth edition in 1983, published by HA ET K TABEV ), we are told a little bit about the author:
- “Professor Dr. Ekrem Akurgal studied from 1932 to 1940 in Berlin, where he received his Ph. D. In 1941 he became a lecturer at the University of Ankara and was elected professor in 1949. During the last twenty-five years, he has conducted excavations at Smyrna, Sinope, Phokaia, Daskyleion, Pitane and Erythrai. Since 1967 he has again been excavating in Ancient Izmir. Professor Akurgal is a member of the Turkish High Commission for Ancient Monuments. He is also an ordinary member of the Austrian and German Archaeological Institutes. The author was elected an honorary member of the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies in London and the American Institute of Archaeology. He is a foreign member of the British, Austrian, Swedish, Danish and French Academies (AcadÃ©mie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres). He was visiting Professor at the University of Princeton 1961-1962, at the University of Berlin (West) in 1971-1972, at the Scuola Normale Superiore at Pisa in 1976 and at the University of Vienna in 1980- 1981. He has lectured since 1951 in several universities on the Continent, in the USA, and in Great Britain as well as in the USSR. He received an honorary doctorate (Dr. h. c.) from the University of Bordeaux in 1961. Holder of the Goethe Medal (1979), he was awarded the “Grand Prize” of the Turkish Ministry of culture (1981).”
Ron first met with Dr. Akurgal in 1984 when the Turkish government sent their own team of scientists to independently investigate the “boat-shaped object”. Dr. Akurgal, considered “The Dean of Turkish Archaeologists”, was provided the results of Ron’s research as well as that of the Turkish team.
In March of 1985, Ron took David Fasold to the site for the first time. Mr. Fasold wanted to also meet Dr. Akurgal, so Mine Unler arranged a meeting in Ankara before they went to the Ark site. It is a portion of this meeting that is seen in our video on Noah’s Ark.
Ron met with Dr. Akurgal again after the official results of the study were made public, when he officially stated his opinion that the site contained the remains of an ancient ship, based on all evidence.
He presented Ron with a copy of his book, “Ancient Ruins of Turkey”, and inside, he autographed it.
Dr. Akurgal is extremely well respected, not only in Turkey, but throughout the entire world. His credentials and accomplishments are remarkable. Yet, most people in this country are not familiar with his work and reputation.
We were very pleased when, on his last trip to Turkey, Ron read the following article in the August 1996 “Turkish Airlines’ SKYLIFE” Magazine. Now, our readers can learn about the “real archaeologist” who played a major role in the official decision of the Turkish government that the “boat-shaped site” does indeed contain the remains of “Noah’s Ark”. It is written in both Turkish and English, and to save space, we have cut out the Turkish-language portion of most of it.
The etching of the cherub was found on the wall of one of the stone pillars in the general vicinity of the tunnel entrance. We showed a sketch made by the Charles Clermont-Ganneau expedition that studied the cavern, but we could find no photographs. Clermont-Ganneau, a French scholar, was the first to systematically research the cavern, and was sponsored by the Palestine Exploration Fund. He first spotted the etching, carefully sketched it, then removed it and the block of stone around it, sending it to the Palestine Exploration Fund office in London.
We had always wanted to see the actual etching itself, but couldn’t find a single photograph of it anywhere. Then, several months ago, our longtime friend, Marv Wilson of Celina, Texas came by one day. He and his wife Renetta have traveled with us throughout Turkey, Egypt and Israel (Marv was with Ron in 1991 when they were taken hostage in Turkey) and they knew our desire to see the cherub. Marv handed me 2 photographs, and told me a very interesting story…
Marv and Renetta travel extensively, and in spring of 1995 they went to London. The booklet we had received several years ago at Zedekiah’s Cave stated that the stone etching was then (in 1989) in a large museum in London. I won’t mention the name of the museum because of the story Marv and Renetta related of what they found out in London.
They went to the large museum and asked to see the etching. No one knew anything about it, but they kept inquiring. They finally explained the story of the etching to the person in charge at the museum, who went and looked it up. She informed them that she did indeed find the object in the records, but that it was not at this museum. It was at the office of the Palestine Exploration Fund – the same organization that had sponsored the expedition that had removed the etching.
She gave them the address and Marv and Renetta went there. They were cordially invited into the office. When they explained the reason they were there, they were told that “yes”, the etching was in the basement. They were taken down and allowed to photograph it. Then, they were told that it had been hidden for many years and only recently had been put back on display. The reason was as follows: Many years ago, the curator of the large museum they had first visited had desperately wanted the etching for his museum. Because of the “political clout” this museum possessed, it was feared that he would succeed in obtaining it, so it was hidden away. It remained in hiding until after the death of the man who wanted it. By then, it was pretty much forgotten until a few years ago.
The cross hole on the ledge, he later discovered, was about 14 feet below the bottom edge of the lowest “cut-out”, which led him to conclude that this was the hole which held the cross of Christ, with the signs reading “Jesus, King of the Jews” written in the 3 languages of Jerusalem at that time being placed in the shelf-like “cut-outs” above.
He had learned from his research that it was the normal practice of kings and others to place signs in highly visible places, carved in rocks, but we had never seen any that were clearly like these. There was no other explanation for 3 large niches cut out in the face of a cliff, over 14 feet above what was then ground level- but we still have continued to search for other similar examples.
- We received the photographs from him I went through them since Ron was out of town at the time. The notes on the photographs indicated that the large stone structure along the Euphrates was an ancient Roman building, which he termed a “castle”.
The last photographs were the ones that caught my attention- they were of a chiseled-out niche in the rock with an inscription. In 2 of the photographs I could make out the name “Vespasian”, the Roman emperor after Nero who came to the throne in 69 AD. (about 38 years after the crucifixion of Christ) and ruled until he died in 79 A.D. (It was Vespasian’s son, Titus who captured Jerusalem in 70 AD and destroyed the temple, ending the Jewish War with Rome.)
One feature of this niche with the inscription, in particular, caused me to run and get out our photographs of the “cut-outs” Ron had found: the shape of the upper edge of the carved-out niche with Vespasian’s name was curved, not straight as was the bottom ledge. As I compared it with our photos of the “cut-outs” Ron had found, I saw the same curve in the upper edge of the “cut-out” on the left!
Of the 3 “cut-outs” Ron had found, they were in a staggered configuration – two were on the right side (facing them), one above the other, with the third one on the left. Of the two on the right, the top edge of the lower niche formed the ledge of the upper one. It did not display this “curve” which makes perfect sense – if a sign was to be placed on the ledge, it would have needed to be straight, not curved or else the sign would not have set straight. The top niche has no defined upper edge as it appears that the natural indentation of the cliff-face was used as the inset. Here was positive evidence that these “cut-outs” were distinctly Roman in style AND that they dated to the general time of the Roman occupation of Jerusalem.